nonassociative learning:

  • habituation: with repeated events, the organism responds less and less
  • sensitisation: with repeated events, the organism responds more and more
  • opponent processes: biphasic pattern, with event on, organism responds one way, with event offset, organism responds in the opposite direction (opponent process), with the former process getting smaller over time (trials) and the latter process getting bigger (lots more on this later)
  • associative learning:

  • classical conditioning: learning about predictive relationships among external events
  • operant conditioning: learning about predictive relationships between one's own behaviour and external events, including motor skill learning
  • animal cognition or comparative cognition (special stuff): potpourri of cognitive processes in diverse organisms learning about diverse realms of life, including time of day, temporal intervals, space, number, categories, song (birds), language (humans), communication, language-like processes
  • general outlook is that learning is built on associations, the basic building blocks
  • hope that special types of learning can be built out of basic building blocks (associations)