LEARNING, MEMORY & Brain Plasticity
Learning from Experience, Independence, Brain
Enormous storage of Information
Thinking & leraning
Some simple learning
Associative learning

Memory stored in the strength of synapse
Associative Conditioning
Summary of Associative Conditioning
Qualitative Categories of Memory
Temporal Categories of Memory
Brain Areas of Learning and Memory
Accidents and Diseases Reveal Some of the Anatomy of Memory
Diagram: Regional Brain Damages
Summary of Deficits according to Brain Regions
Formation of Longterm Declarative Memory: Hippocampus
Areas of Cerebral Cortex involved in declarative memory
Areas involved in Procedural Memory
Summary: Human Memory
Development is a life-time process
Mouse whisker barrel development
Site of learning
Collateral sprouting
2 stage model of neural reorganzation
Regeneration of optic nerve
Diagram: Evidence for Changes in Synaptic Strength at the NMJ
Where is the site of Learning?
The Moris Water Maze
Demonstration of LTP
Stimulation of 2 Input Pathways to CA1 Pyramidal Cells
Enhancement of Test Pathway
Summary: Specificity of LTP
Associative Property of LTP
The Molecular Basis of LTP: NMDA receptors
glutamate transport molecules increased
Two Types of Glutamate Receptors
Diagram: Molecular Basis of LTP: Ca++
Ca++ Influx through the NMDA receptor initiates LTP
Other Factors involved in LTP
Pre- and Post-synaptic changes
Brain regions for spatial & non-spatial working memory
Working memory load
Enriched Environment Promotes Brain Development
Brain & Memory in Young and Old
Memory retrieval
Memory enhancing switch
Hippocampus as a common locous for epilepsy and stroke
Plasticity in Somatosensory Cortex
MIT Team Discovers Memory Mechanism
LIfetime of the memory